For me, the new house for Pete Sans, industrial designer and surrealist artist, and Regina Saura, painter and mural artist, in the village of Gaüses in Alt Empordà, has represented much more than a professional commission. It has offered me the opportunity to plan and build a house for friends I feel very close to, both culturally and artistically.
Pete Sans, son of the 1930s surrealist painter Jaume Sans, who belonged to the avant-garde ADLAN group, has produced designs including the Lamparaprima, the Mesita table and the Coqueta chair, which won the ADI-FAD Golden Delta in 1988. Over the years, Sans has also made an extensive collection of sculptures which have found their place in the new house. They include the cat-bench guarding the house in the porch, the grasshopper on the patio and the metal spiders in the swimming pool, as well as other smaller sculptures to be found all over the house.
Regina Saura, a painter who over the last few years has alternated between working in San Francisco and Empordà, has held exhibitions in various countries. From her beginnings in the early eighties, using collage techniques, to her latest works inspired by Japanese themes, including her experiments with performance and large-format murals based on themes linked to nature, particularly forests, Saura has created iconic works such as the mural on the facade of the industrial building belonging to Cocina Hermanos Torres, the work of Carlos and Borja Ferrater. Pete Sans also helped design the lamps inside the building. Beyond her paintings, which can be found inside the house, Regina wanted to leave her mark on the most visible facade, with a naturalist motif acting as a signature.
The house is on a long, narrow site between neighbouring plots which descends from the eastern end of the main street in Gaüses to a torrent running along its western boundary. The project lay-out, determined by the topographical orientation and concern for privacy, is a set of 12.5 x 5 metre pavilions interspersed with voids or courtyards. The programme is organised in the pavilions, and the voids provide access and allow cross-ventilation and light into the interiors.
It is a simple building, efficient thanks to its insulation, which expresses the form of its construction in the materiality of its finishes. Inclined ceilings built with concrete and steel semi-beams, ceramic tongue and groove that receives the insulation, and Arab roof tiles as a finish imposed by the regulations are complemented with walls of white stuccoed blocks and polished concrete floors.
Outside, there is a garden with native species as an extension of the local landscape, a small swimming pool and a movable pergola designed by Pete Sans. Ultimately, the construction – a simple, austere building which has cost very little (less than €1,000/m²) – has allowed its inhabitants to find a way of personalising the new house in order to make it theirs.
비워지고 채워지는 주택, 레지나 하우스
알트 엠포르다의 가우스 마을에 있는 산업 디자이너이자 초현실주의 화가인 피트 산스와 벽화 화가인 레지나 사우라의 새 집은 건축가에게 사무적인 업무 이상의 의미로 다가왔다. 건축가에게 이 프로젝트는 문화적으로나 예술적으로 매우 친하게 생각하는 친구들을 위해 집을 계획하고 지을 수 있는 기회였다. 산스는 고양이 벤치, 테라스의 메뚜기, 수영장의 금속 거미같은 집에서 자리잡는 새 조각품들을 만들었다. 레지나는 여러 벽화들로 집을 꾸몄다.
집은 가위스 중심가의 동에서 서로 흐르는 시내와 이웃집들 사이의 길고 좁은 대지에 자리잡았다. 이에 따라 평면은 12.5 x 5m로 빈 공간이나 뜰을 사이에 두고 배치되었다. 전시실에 마련된 공간 프로그램은 접근성을 확보하고, 내부에 환기와 채광을 끌어올렸다.
단열재 덕분에 단순한 건물로 마감재의 물성을 잘 표현할 수 있었다. 콘크리트와 강철, 세라믹과 아랍 기와 등이 사용된다. 외부로는 경관의 연장선상에 정원과 작은 수영장, 산스가 설계한 파고라가 위치한다.
결과적으로 매우 적은 비용으로, 간결하고 견고한 건물이 완성되었다. 거주자들이 새 집을 자신의 집으로 만들기 위해 맞춤형으로 꾸밀 수 있도록 만들었다.
Location Vilopriu, Girona, Spain
Program Single family house
Building area 67.5m²
Lead architects Joan Guillamat
Interior design Pete Sans
Intervention on the east façade Regina Saura
Photographer Joan Guillamat
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마실와이드 | 등록번호 : 서울, 아03630 | 등록일자 : 2015년 03월 11일 | 마실와이드 | 발행ㆍ편집인 : 김명규 | 청소년보호책임자 : 최지희 | 발행소 : 서울시 마포구 월드컵로8길 45-8 1층 | 발행일자 : 매일